Heroes & Villains

Writing memorable good guys & bad!

Series 2 | Lesson 5

Creators | Bernard Caleo & Adam Wallace

In this lesson we’ll hear from Adam and Bernard about what makes a captivating hero and villain, and why these types of characters are found in SO many stories.

We’ll explore how story good guys and baddies can become truly worthy opponents – and we’ll learn some writing secrets to help when we’re creating them!

Key Concepts:

  • The story ‘Good Guy’ and ‘Bad’, characters who challenge, clash with, and provoke each other
  • How characters are connected and why that connection is important to a story
  • The traits of a well-written villain character


  • How to create a great protagonist and antagonist relationship
  • What to think about when planning a story with a hero and villain
  • How to write more than just a ‘cartoon’ or one-dimensional ‘bad guy’

Resources for Heroes and Villains

Resources include lesson plans for middle and upper primary students, each with their own activities and supporting resources.

ST Series 2 Lesson 5 Education Resources
  • Build-A-Character Brainstorm: Heroes & Villains edition!
  • A poster for identifying the characteristics of heroes and villains in a story.
  • Worksheets to practise writing from the point of view of a hero AND a villain.
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About Heroes and Villains Creators

Bernard Caleo

Bernard has been a comic book person since first discovering Tintin at the Northcote Library in 1973.

He believes that comics are the oldest, the difficultest and the funnest artform that humans have come up with.

Bernard is also a theatre performer and radio comic.

Learn more

Adam Wallace

Adam Wallace is a best-selling author of children’s books.

Adam’s passion is to bring excitement, energy, humor and joy to children (of all ages!) through his books and school presentations.

He spends his non-writing time thinking about writing and going to as many live music shows as he can.

Learn more